Δημοσιεύσεις

Project Acronym: PALIROIA
Title: Participation of Long Internal waves in Regional Ocean Interannual vAriability
Affiliation: university of the aegean
Pi: Zervakis Vassilis
Research Field: earth system sciences

The role of wind-forced coastal upwelling on the thermohaline functioning of the North Aegean Sea
by Ioannis Mamoutos, Vassilis Zervakis, Elina Tragou, Michael Karydis, Constantin Frangoulis, Vassilis Kolovoyiannis, Dimitris Georgopoulos and Stella Psarra
Abstract:
Abstract This work examines the impact of coastal upwelling on the exchanges of a semi-enclosed basin with the open sea. Five oceanographic transects were performed with a cross-shore direction relative to the western coast of Lesvos island of the eastern Aegean Sea, a region where coastal upwelling is regularly observed during the summer Etesian northerly winds. Filaments of highly saline water were observed during upwelling incidents, and were attributed to the enhanced transport of Levantine water from the south due to the baroclinic response to upwelling. All our observations, as well as a 9-year hindcast of the phenomenon revealed that the origin of the upwelled isopycnals usually remained above 40m depth, and never exceeded the depth of 60m. On the contrary, the isopycnals hosting the nutricline appear to downwell during upwelling incidents. Our hindcast showed that the secondary geostrophic circulation is comprised both by surface and subsurface longshore currents, which affect the meridional exchanges at the surface and intermediate layers and reduce the residence time of the water in the basin. We conclude that coastal upwelling in a region with longshore temperature and salinity gradients can modify the transport of salt and heat along the coast, possibly affecting the thermohaline functioning of a basin.
Reference:
The role of wind-forced coastal upwelling on the thermohaline functioning of the North Aegean Sea (Ioannis Mamoutos, Vassilis Zervakis, Elina Tragou, Michael Karydis, Constantin Frangoulis, Vassilis Kolovoyiannis, Dimitris Georgopoulos and Stella Psarra), In Continental Shelf Research, 2017.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{MAMOUTOS2017,
 title = {The role of wind-forced coastal upwelling on the thermohaline functioning of the North Aegean Sea},
 journal = {Continental Shelf Research},
 year = {2017},
 bibyear = {2017},
 issn = {0278-4343},
 doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2017.05.009},
 url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278434317302571},
 author = {Ioannis Mamoutos and Vassilis Zervakis and Elina Tragou and Michael Karydis and Constantin Frangoulis and Vassilis Kolovoyiannis and Dimitris Georgopoulos and Stella Psarra},
 abstract = {Abstract This work examines the impact of coastal upwelling on the exchanges of a semi-enclosed basin with the open sea. Five oceanographic transects were performed with a cross-shore direction relative to the western coast of Lesvos island of the eastern Aegean Sea, a region where coastal upwelling is regularly observed during the summer Etesian northerly winds. Filaments of highly saline water were observed during upwelling incidents, and were attributed to the enhanced transport of Levantine water from the south due to the baroclinic response to upwelling. All our observations, as well as a 9-year hindcast of the phenomenon revealed that the origin of the upwelled isopycnals usually remained above 40m depth, and never exceeded the depth of 60m. On the contrary, the isopycnals hosting the nutricline appear to downwell during upwelling incidents. Our hindcast showed that the secondary geostrophic circulation is comprised both by surface and subsurface longshore currents, which affect the meridional exchanges at the surface and intermediate layers and reduce the residence time of the water in the basin. We conclude that coastal upwelling in a region with longshore temperature and salinity gradients can modify the transport of salt and heat along the coast, possibly affecting the thermohaline functioning of a basin.},
}